Women are so different but have something in common: the menstrual cycle, a process that affects everyone equally, and although there are variations in duration are not exempt from experiencing changes in mood, abdominal pain, cramping, among other annoying symptoms.
For a long time, it has been said that only during bleeding do these alterations occur in the body; nevertheless, recent studies affirm that the whole month is in constant evolution. Now it will be easier to understand why days before the period the emotions are upset.
According to the description that the obstetrician and gynecologist in Beverly Hills Suzanne Gilberg-Lenz makes to the HealthySELF site, the menstrual cycle is divided into four phases: menstrual, follicular, ovulation and luteal, which imply changes in mood due to the imbalance of the Sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, because they enlarge the uterus and practically prepare it for a possible pregnancy.
The menstrual cycle usually lasts from two to seven days, every 21 and 35 days, depending on each woman; it has to do with lifestyle, diet, physical activity, etcetera. It is essential to keep a record of each ovulation to rule out health problems or pregnancy.
To clarify this phase, Karen Faith Berman and Jean-Claude Dreher, of the National Institute of Mental Health in the United States, examined the brain activity of 15 women through Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) during a typical test to evaluate their system. of reward.
The women had to decide if they put the money in the virtual slot game, the prize was 20 dollars or nothing, but it depended on the machine. The test was performed during the follicular and luteal phases (during bleeding), when there is a greater reactivation of the brain system due to the fact that in the first half of the period, estrogen acts as an incentive, since the women in whom it predominates the activation of the brain. reward circuit is greater; On the contrary, when progesterone is present, the activation is reduced.
The first week of the month the defenses and energy relapse, while the blood flow releases toxins and liquids retained before the process begins; The following week is the opposite, energy levels spread and generate good humor, at this stage the hair and skin look radiant, libido increases and orgasms are more frequent.
When the second phase of menstruation begins, that is, the third week, all of the above begins to fade and weakness is felt, the skin is dried out, the appetite increases and there is nervousness; It is advisable to exercise since weight gain is very easy. The fourth but not less important phase, due to the fluid retention, arrives with swelling, heaviness, anguish and physical decay, and again the bleeding begins.
Recommendations indicate that before any change or abnormal discomfort is necessary to go to the doctor to put an end to the problem and discomfort caused. Each woman is different and, therefore, requires different care.